Periodontal Treatment

Periodontal Treatment


Brooklyn Periodontal Treatment – Periodontics in Brooklyn Heights

At Brooklyn Dental, we believe that prompt treatment for periodontal disease is important for overall good health. It is estimated that nearly half of all adults suffer from periodontal disease (also called Periodontitis and Gum Disease).  Whether in the beginning or more advanced stages of the disease, Dr. Amirian and his colleagues offer periodontal therapy in his Brooklyn dental practice.

“Periodontal disease” literally means “disorder of the structure around a tooth,” which is exactly what the disease entails.  Periodontitis begins with infection in the gum tissue from the toxins contained in plaque.  In more advanced stages, this inflammation moves to infect the tooth structure and jawbone.  Being a progressive disease, periodontitis slowly destroys the jawbone and connective tissues, causing teeth to shift, become loose, and eventually fall out.  If you suspect the onset of periodontal disease, it is imperative that you seek treatment immediately, as the condition will only progress if left untreated.

Symptoms of periodontal disease

Periodontal disease is often painless during the initial stages; however, one or more of the following symptoms suggest the need to schedule a periodontal evaluation at our Brooklyn dental office:

  • Bleeding when brushing or flossing.
  • Change in bite.
  • Foul smelling breath.
  • Inflamed or bright red gums.
  • Loose teeth.
  • New gaps between teeth.
  • Protruding teeth.
  • Pus leaking when pressing down on gums.
  • Receding gums.
  • Sore or tender gums.

Laser Dentistry

Certified in Laser Dentistry, Dr. Amirian affords his patients the added benefit of advanced periodontal procedures, gum surgery, and gum lifts, using soft tissue lasers and Laser-Assisted New Attachment Procedure (LANAP) technology.

Laser periodontal therapy is an ideal solution for patients who are anxious about dental treatment; it provides increased precision, safety, and comfort with numerous benefits, including a decreased need for stitches and anesthesia as well as minimal bleeding.  Laser dentistry also decreases the risk of bacterial infection and helps wounds heal faster.

After performing a complete periodontal exam, Dr. Amirian and his dental team and periodontist on staff will determine the condition of the gums and jawbone, generally planning one of these more common periodontal treatments:

Scaling and root planing – the gum pockets will be scraped and cleared of any tartar buildup or bacterial infection, and the area will be treated with an antibiotic, either Arrestin.  This procedure can be performed with minimal evasiveness using LANAP or can be executed using traditional methods.

Tissue regeneration – bone and gum tissue growth can be stimulated using grafting techniques to regenerate lost density due to periodontal disease.

Pocket elimination surgery – when gum pocket become excessively large, surgery will be performed to decrease the gap between the tooth and gum.  The soft-tissue laser or traditional surgical methods can be used for this procedure.

Tooth extraction and dental implant surgery – if periodontitis has progressed and bone loss is significant, the tooth or teeth may need to be extracted and an implant may need to be placed to prevent more bone loss.

After periodontal treatment is performed, the dental team will treat the gums with antimicrobials called Arrestin, which is placed under the gum line to prevent the progression of gum disease and kills bacteria residing under the gum tissue.

Periodontal Disease and Major Health Concerns

In addition to the destruction of tooth and root structures, studies indicate that periodontal disease has a much larger connection to overall wellness and can create more serious health concerns:

Cancer – Studies show that patients with advanced stages of periodontal disease are more than four times likely to suffer from head and neck cancer, with numbers increasing in patients who use tobacco products.

Diabetes – Periodontal disease and diabetes are interdependent being that either can worsen if one is not properly taken care of.  Periodontal disease increases blood sugar, increasing the amount of time the body must function with high blood sugar.  Conversely, when oral bacteria ingests excess sugar in the mouth, it increases metabolic problems for diabetic sufferers.

Heart disease – Studies indicate that gum disease sufferers are nearly twice as likely to suffer from coronary heart disease.  There are various theories that attribute to the connection between heart disease and periodontal disease, one of the main hypotheses being that strains of oral bacteria enter the bloodstream and attach to fatty plaques in the heart blood vessels, contributing to clot formation.

Pregnancy issues – Periodontal disease exposes expecting mothers to various risks including low birth weight, premature birth, and preeclampsia.  Because oral bacteria causes hormonal changes, expectant mothers should see a dentist immediately if they suspect any oral health issues.

Stroke – Because strokes are also caused by blood clots, periodontal disease similarly increases a patients risk for stroke.

If you are interested in the benefits of laser dentistry and would like to learn more about how our Brooklyn practice is on the cutting-edge of periodontal treatment, contact us today!